You will need to work with either hard dirt, compacted or solid soil. To ensure grass seed germinates and thrives, it is essential that it be planted in the right conditions. So, if you have a piece of ground that isn’t ideal, you will need to follow some tried and tested cultivation practices or have a Plan B for your grass seed to grow.
How to Plant Grass Seeds in Hard Dirt (The Short Solution).
Ground preparation for grass seeds involves many steps that ensure the best growth conditions. Each item plays a vital role in seeding lush lawns. Failure to do each step can reduce your chances for success.
- Even Surface
- Perennial Weeds are Free
- Good drainage
- Nutrient Compatible
- Proper Aeration
Step-by-Step Guide to Planting Grass Seed on Hard Ground
My experience is that grass seeds spread best on hard surfaces. So let’s take a closer look at the stages you can follow to prepare your area. Here’s what you need to know.
Stage 1: Testing Ground
Before you do any changes to the soil or make any other modifications, test it. The results will tell you what nutrients are needed in your area and what kind of soil you have. This information is vital for things like drainage and soil suitability for healthy grass. These tests can be time-consuming so make sure to do them before you go.
Stage 2: Clearing of the Area
There may be weeds or old grass in the areas where you want to plant grass seeds. I recommend you trim the grass that isn’t needed and ensure your mower has a bag for collecting the clippings. It’s important to collect the clippings in a mower bag so that you can limit the number of weed seeds you spread across the area.
Stage 3: Eliminating Weeds
Once you have removed the bulk of the vegetation, you’ll need to grab some chemical weed killer. Round-Up is a good choice. This process can take several hours if you want to get rid of all weeds. It is possible to apply two or three doses of the herbicide.
Round-Up is less effective for perennial weeds, such as dandelions and daisies. Grab a shovel to get rid of stubborn plants. When digging out weeds it is important that you remove all roots. Even a small area can bring back a plant.
Stage 4: Cultivating
To cultivate the hard soil, you will need equipment. You can use a rotating gas-powered shovel or a gasoline-powered turner to cultivate the hard ground. This will allow the topsoil to be broken up and allow the ground drain properly.
Stage 5: Responding on the Soil Test
Once your soil test is back, you’ll find out if fertilizer needs to be added before seeding. This is a good time for slow-release fertilizer to be added to the soil before you plant. Also, you’ll find out which type of soil you have. If you discover that your soil isn’t all that great for grass, add some topsoil or some type of compost. The soil report will tell you which type of compost you should use.
Stage 6: Cultivating
Depending on what you did in stage 5, your rotavator may need to be used again to cultivate. This is where fertilizer, topsoil, or compost can be added.
Stage 7: Leveling
Once you have your new area cultivated, you’ll need to grab your landscaping rake and level out the surface. You’ll need to level any uneven or dilated areas.
Stage 8: Rolling
The ground shouldn’t be too hard or compacted. It is possible that the ground is too soft or compacted. To remove any air from the soil, you will need to compact it.
Now, if you have a roller, you’re in luck. If not, you’ll have to use a more DIY method. You can move the soil in a penguin-like motion, which is almost as effective and efficient as using a roll. The desired result is to compact it enough so that you don’t sink when you stand on the ground.
Stage 9: Watering
After the ground has been prepared it is time for it to soak. I recommend watering twice as often as usual. Soaking the ground with water will remove any soil pockets and allow fertilizer to dissolve in the soil. If you have time, let the ground sit for at least one week after watering.
Stage 10: Tilling
Tilling is another cultivation process, but you are only cultivating the top ½-1 inch this time. This is where you will see the grass root grow. This is where I prefer to use my 1-inch-tooth landscaping brush. This is my preferred method because the 1-inch tooth prevents me from digging too deep into the ground.
Stage 11: Seeding
Finally, it’s time to seed. Once you have selected your preferred seed, you’ll have to choose your seed casting/spreading method. I prefer to use both a hand spreader for smaller areas and a spreader with wheels if you have larger lawns. The only method I don’t recommend is casting by hand. This can make casting messy and uneven.
Usually, the grass seed packaging will indicate how many seeds you need to cover each square feet. Additionally, you’ll find that modern casters have settings that match the requirements. Once everything is in place, you can simply walk around the area to ensure even coverage.
Stage 12: Rolling
The final step involves rolling the seed or putting it in the ground. This will press the seed into 1 inch of soil. Seed left on the surface of the soil will not germinate. Grab your treadle or roller and cover the entire surface.
Stage 13: Watering
Watering is the last task. For the seeds to germinate, the ground must first be properly soaked. How often should you water your grass seed? The area should be watered at least twice daily. Make sure that the top 1-1/4 inch of grass is always moist.
After a few days, you will begin to see the grass germinating. The grass will change from a green, dirt-colored color to a yellow colour. After about a week the watering frequency should decrease to once per daily. After a few more weeks, you can return to the regular watering schedule you used for the rest.
How to Choose the Best Grass (Varieties That Do Well with Hard Ground).
Selection of grass is crucial for hard ground. If you choose the wrong kind of grass, all your hard work will be wasted. So, if you have a yard with one of the harder soil types like clay, then you’ll need to know which is the best seed for those conditions.
These grasses are good on hard ground.
|Type of Grass seed||Climate|
|Tall Fescue Grass||Cool|
My top tips to success: How to plant the grass seed in hard ground
So, will grass seed grow in hard dirt? I’d say yes, as long as you follow my steps on how to plant grass seed on hard dirt. I’ll throw in a few extra tips to increase your chances of success and help your new lawn thrive.
Pick the right time to plant
Because there are so many seeds in stores, it can be difficult finding the right seed for you. Research the best seeds for your area.
This stage is much simpler if you have your soil reports on hand. You can also check out your neighbors to see which lawns are doing well. You should be able to achieve the same success if your grass types are determined (there are many smartphones that can do this).
Be aware of the rain
When you’re out watering, make sure to pay attention to the weather. Rain forecasts will mean that you need to water more. Overwatering can damage the roots and seeds, which can prevent them from growing into a lawn.
Don’t Fertilize Too Early
Grass seed doesn’t need to be fertilized until at least six weeks after the seeds have germinated. Fertilizing grass seed too soon can cause damage to the grass and make it stop growing.
Before you start seeding, fertilize the ground. It will take 6-8 weeks for the fertilizer to dissolve completely as most granular fertilizers are slow-release.
What to Do After You’ve Planted Your Grass Seed on Hard Ground (Aftercare)
Once the grass starts to grow, the temptation to use the lawnmower is there. But before you do, you’ll need to check how the grass is doing. You must ensure that all the seeds have germinated. You’ll find that seeds can germinate at different times, so it’s possible that there could be a week or two for the delayed seeds to catch up with the early sprouts.
Give the germinating seeds enough time to bury their roots. If you head out too early with the mower, you’ll end up sucking up any seeds that haven’t germinated or rooted. It takes about 4-8 weeks for seeds to grow enough to be ready to start mowing. Be patient.
Stage Checklist: How to Grow Grasse with Hard Packed Dirt
Here is a list of steps to help you plant grass seeds in heavy soil. These steps will help to succeed with your new grass seeds.
|2||Clearance of Areas|
|4||Cultivating 10 Inches|
|5||Fertilizer & Composting|
|6||Cultivating 10 Inches|