These grasses are best suited for extreme heat and coastal conditions in the US. It can be difficult to narrow your choices, even though there are only a few options. Bahia grass and St. Augustine are good options for heat-tolerant, drought-tolerant plants that can grow in sandy soils.
Comparing Bahia grass vs. St. Augustine Grass
There are many things that can influence the comparison of two types. There are many things you should consider when comparing different types of turf. We will need a comparison of two grasses, such as St. Augustine or Bahia, to determine which one is better.
Based on your climate, soil type and water conditions, as well as pest and/or herb threats, we can determine the best type of turf for you. Before making a final choice, it is important that you consider the cost of fertilizers or seeds. Only then can we decide which turf is best between St. Augustine grass and Bahia grass.
Bahia Grass, St. Augustine Grass – Appearance
Bahia grass is a medium-green, perennial grass. Its v-shaped seed heads make it easy to identify. It is uniform in both color and height. Once established, it will retain its color even through dry seasons and late fall.
St. Augustine grass tends to be dense and medium-hued. St. Augustine grass is distinguished by its long, round, and positioned on thick stems. These grasses are easily identifiable by their color and growth habits.
Bahia Grass vs. St. Augustine Grass – Which is the Best?
Bahia is a grass that is mostly grown in the south of the United States. It is a great grass because of many reasons. Bahia grass is used to make hay because of its sprawling and tall growth pattern. It can be planted densely on slopes in order to reduce erosion, as it can grow in sandy soil.
St. Augustine grass is a great choice if you want a lawn that can withstand heat and drought as well as salty coastal winds. St. Augustine grass is one grass that can withstand salt. It can withstand moderate use, so it is ideal for lawns on beaches in hot coastal regions. Bahia or St. Augustine grass use will vary depending upon where you live in South Carolina.
Bahia grass soil types, pH needs vs St. Augustine grass soil types
Bahia grass can grow in conditions that aren’t usually favorable for plains grass. Bahia can grow in conditions less than ideal for other grasses. This includes sandy, well draining, fertile soil with pH 5.0 to 6.5. It is a warm-season perennial grass that can withstand extreme soil conditions.
St. Augustine grass thrives on sandy soils. These are the similarities between Bahia and St. Augustine. St. Augustine needs fertile soil with a higher level of pH. A pH range between 6-8 is better than extremely acidic soil. Compacted clay soil is the worst soil type for either one of these turfs.
Water Needs for Bahia Grass Lawns vs. St. Augustine Grass Lawns
Both turf types are water-efficient. These turf types are often found in mountainous or coastal areas, and they get their water from the rain. Each type of grass needs different amounts of water and requires a different watering schedule.
Bahia grass needs between 1 inch and 1 ¼” of water a week to remain green and prevent dormancy. When watering Bahia grass, it is best to water deeply once a week so that the water soaks into the first 7” of soil where most of the roots are.
St. Augustine Grass requires a similar amount of water, approximately 1 inch per day. To accommodate the shallow roots of St. Augustine, its dislike of waterlogging and spacing out the watering, it is best to water it in a spaced fashion. Water St. Augustine twice a week at ½” each time during droughts and times of high heat to keep it green and healthy.
Bahia Grass vs St. Augustine Grass: Sun, Shade, Temperature Requirements
Warm-season grasses love sunlight and can’t live without it. Shade can quickly slow down the growth of fast growing turf and cause problems. Some grasses do better with only a few hours of sunshine than others.
Bahia grass needs full sun. Bahia grass will not tolerate less that 7 hours of sunlight daily. Bahia grass cannot thrive in shade. It can tolerate some shade.
St. Augustine can withstand shade better than most warm-season grasses. Some varieties of St. Augustine can live with only 4 hours of sunlight. It takes most strains between 6-8 hours for them to grow well, but it is still significantly shorter than other warm season grasses.
Durability of St. Augustine Grass vs Bahia Grasslands
When choosing the best turf, it is important to consider the purpose of the turf. Some lawns can be touched but not seen. Others can take some beatings.
St. Augustine turf can withstand minimal foot traffic and wear. St. Augustine’s blades will not be damaged by constant foot traffic. St. Augustine doesn’t repair fast enough to handle more than light foot traffic.
Bahia grass is more resilient to traffic. Bahia is ideal for hot climates that require a lot of summer lawn maintenance. It can withstand daily traffic and occasional gatherings provided the soil is well-drained and that enough water is added to the soil to aid in the lawn’s healing.
Common Pests and Diseases of Bahia Grass & St. Augustine Grass
There are some pests that can harm summer lawns. Bahia lawn is vulnerable to many pests which can cause serious damage. These pests include Bahiagrass billbugs (also known as Fall armyworms or mole crickets), and Bahiagrass billbugs (also known as Bahiagrass billbugs). While most of these pests are easily identified and can be eradicated, it is possible to infest a neglected lawn in just a few short years. Bahiagrass’ seed heads can be infested with Ergot, a common disease.
St. Augustine also has its foes. These critters can thrive on hot sandy soil and love the lush turf. St. Augustine pests include earthworms and billbugs, as well as the fiery skipper, masked chapfers and a southern-chinch bug. These pests can be difficult and expensive to eradicate. Make sure you research the best methods. Gray leaf spot, take-all rootrot, and pythium roots root rot all affect St. Augustine grass.
Mowing requirements for Bahia Grass vs. St. Augustine Grass
Bahia grass is fast-growing and will continue to grow throughout its life cycle. This turf grass is active throughout the year and should be mowed from spring to fall. For lawn owners living in warmer climates, bahia grass should only be mowed twice per week. The recommended height should be between three and four inches.
St. Augustine grass prefers a longer blade and less frequent mowing. St. Augustine grass is more ornamental and functional than functional. St. Augustine grass can also be left to grow for longer periods of time to help develop a deeper root structure. This grass should be cut once a week at a height 4 inches.
Are there better Bahia grass varieties, or St. Augustine Grass varieties?
Two main cultivators make Bahia grass commercially available in the US. These grasses are used for lawn care and prairie control. Pensacola Bahia will be the best choice if you are looking for a plant that can withstand extreme heat, cold, and is more resistant to sun, traffic, and pests than other varieties. Argentina is the best option if you are looking for a deeper, richer, more vibrant lawn. This variety is more difficult to maintain and requires more water, but it is also more attractive.
There are many St. Augustine strains. Some particularly useful types are Palmetto and CitraBlue. These varieties make St. Augustine more shade-tolerant, and can grow roots as deep as four hours in the sun each day.
Cost of Bahia Grass vs. St. Augustine Grass
Bahia and St. Augustine cost are very similar, however the difference between them is still significant. Bahia is the best choice based upon the cost of seed and sod in Florida.
Bahia grass can be purchased at 85 cents per square feet for sod. Bahia seed can be purchased at prices as low as $60 for 5lbs. Prices will vary depending on the quantity and whereabouts you buy them.
St. Augustine costs $1.05 per square feet more than the other state. St. Augustine can’t be planted with seeds, so it is difficult to establish and expensive. There are only two options for plugging and sod.
Can you mix St. Augustine Grass w/ Bahia Grass
Both grasses have their advantages and disadvantages. You might be wondering whether it is possible to mix Bahia grass with St. Augustine grass. The short answer is no. The problem with growing these grasses together? One will kill the other.
Bahia is susceptible to herbicides and weeds that will kill St. Augustine. Bahia will suffer the same fate as St. Augustine. These grasses do not mix well with co-turfs as they prefer different fertilization levels.
The Best-Case Scenario – Bahia Grass vs St. Augustine Grass
Bahia grass requires high heat, long summers with full sunlight and enough moisture to keep its green. Because of its deep roots, this grass can be sown wide. It can grow on hills, open plains, and sandy soils. This grass can grow where other lawns cannot so the best terrain is one other grasses don’t want.
St. Augustine grass’ ideal lawn would be one along a hot coastal area. St. Augustine would have lush grass because of its sandy soil, high humidity, adequate moisture, and excellent drainage. This turf can thrive with proper lawn care and additional fertilizer.
Here’s a table to help you choose the best turf for you!
|Characteristics||Bahia grass||St. Augustine grass|
|Appearance||Medium-green color, tall thin blades||Dark green, dense, and coarse Thin blades and clustered Growth|
|Popular Uses||Plain planting and erosion prevention||Coastal lawns and areas with high salt content|
|Type of Idea Soil, pH||Sandy soil that is well-drained and has a pH between 5 and 6.||For adequate fertility, well draining soil and sandy soil, a sandy soil pH between 6 and 7 is necessary.|
|Water Requirements||1 to 1 ¼” water weekly, single deep watering||1” of water per week split into two waterings of ½” each|
|Sun/Shade/Temp. Not required||Full sun and high temperatures can withstand some cold||Some shade, some sun or high humidity. Cold can’t be handled|
|Durability||Handles moderate traffic||Handles light foot traffic|
|Pests and Diseases||Pests: Bahia grass bugbugs and fall armyworms are two of the most common pests.|
Ergot – Disease
|You can find pests in earthworms, billbugs, and fiery skippers as well as masked Chafers and southern chinch bugs.|
Gray leaf spot (pythium rootrot), take all rootrot, and pythium spot disease are just a few examples of diseases.
|Mowing Needs||Once a week, 3-4 inches in height||4 inches high, once per two weeks|